|Rufous hummingbird at our feeder last year|
In any case, it's definitely time to put out your feeders. One part white sugar (not honey or organic sugar or any other 'healthier' alternative) to 3 1/2 to 4 parts water should do it. Please do not colour the water! The red dye isn't good for the hummingbirds and is unnecessary, since they are attracted by the red of the feeder itself. And please be sure to refill and clean your feeders every week or so - and more often once it warms up.
Feeders help hummers
Once in a while someone asks me if it isn't 'better' to just let hummingbirds get their food naturally, from native plants. (This same question applies, of course, to all birds, and is a philosophical/ecological question I will set aside for today but may take up at another time.)
For me, the answer is "No, it isn't better for them." In an undeveloped, pristine, edenic world, the hummers would, I'm sure, not need artificial feeders to help them refuel after their 6ooo kilometre trip from Central America, but that's not the world we/they live in. Providing nectar is the LEAST we can do, given all the plundering and deforestation and pollution and other acts of violence against the earth we, as a species, have already committed - and continue to commit. This just makes their migratory journeys more and more challenging.
The value of human-supplied nectar lies not only in its ready availability but also in its 'efficiency' for the hummers. In a 2011 study (Dartmouth University) researchers confirmed that hummingbirds (unlike humans!) feed according to "Optimal Foraging Theory". Basically, this means that their intent is to balance the energy spent finding food with its caloric benefit in order to maximize their chances of survival. (In human terms, they wouldn't bother eating donuts because the nutritive value isn't worth the time and energy spent to ingest then digest them.) Since the flowers that hummers eat from produce just enough nectar to allow them to be pollinated, hummers need to expend energy flying from flower to flower in order to find sufficient nectar. Given their high metabolism and energy requirements, there is a point at which a cost-benefit analysis says 'this just ain't worth it'. That's why, according to the Dartmouth study, hummingbirds aim to choose the largest flower patches with the 'sweetest' nectar concentrations. (To read the summary of the study from the Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science, go to http://dujs.dartmouth.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/11s_final-34-36.pdf) This is why I continue to advocate for feeders.
|Just make sure you don't wear red in the vicinity!|
Fun coming up!
Soon we'll be sitting on the deck watching the territorial squabbling of the hummers as they stake out their places at the feeders. Luckily, they are rarely damaged in their 'battles' since their instincts tell them to protect those long life-giving bills. And once they settle in, we might get to watch those amazing courtship displays. I hope ...